The deal must follow on from the Brexit withdrawal agreement (but not related to it) signed at the end of the Brexit negotiations.  Trade negotiations began on 31 March 2020 and are expected to be completed by the end of October 2020, after which the draft treaty will have to be ratified by both sides to enter into force on 1 January 2021. A draft agreement was not reached until the end of October and negotiations continued until November, as important issues were not resolved.  In addition to these two policies, free trade agreements have been signed with other states and trading blocs, including Chile and South Africa. The UK and the EU have already proposed that a future agreement on relations could take the form of an AA. The political declaration on the framework for future eu-UK relations (approved by the EU and the UK in November 2018 as part of the `withdrawal package`) provides for `an ambitious, comprehensive, comprehensive and flexible partnership in the areas of trade and economic cooperation, law enforcement and criminal justice, foreign policy security and defence, as well as other areas of cooperation.” But it is not certain that Boris Johnson`s government will seek an A.A. with the EU. Negotiations and the implementation of an A.A. take on average about six and a half years, either in full or provisionally.
Under the November 2018 withdrawal agreement, the transitional period during which a future agreement on relations will be negotiated will be one year and five months if the UK withdraws on 31 October by an agreement (until 31 December 2020, renewable once for a maximum period of two years). We [the European Parliament] believe that this is an association agreement under our Articles 8 and 217 treaties. On the one hand, it gives a great deal of flexibility, because an association agreement can be very narrow; They can, for example, be limited only to trade. In an association agreement, you can be very broad. You can also include foreign and security policy in foreign and security policy. It is both flexible and precise, because you will create a governance structure and create not only a governance structure, but also a ratification cycle. The advantage of an association agreement is that once it has been approved by you and by the European institutions, the Council and Parliament, it will be applicable in advance; They do not have to wait for ratification by the other 27 Member States, which can take time. The Mediterranean countries (Algeria, Morocco, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, the Palestinian Authority, Syria, Tunisia) and the Eastern European countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine, but without Russia, which insists on the creation of four COMMON EU-Russia areas) fall under the EPI.